Universidade de Coimbra
The University of Coimbra is one of the oldest in Europe. Founded in Lisbon by D. Dinis in 1290, it was definitively transferred to Coimbra in 1537, occupying the buildings of the Medieval Royal Palace. During the reigns of Dom João V and D. José I, the institution underwent major reforms, not only in terms of education, but also in the construction of new baroque and neo-classical buildings. The Capelos Room, or Sala Grande dos Actos, is the main hall of this University, the site of solemn academic ceremonies. The baroque Joanina Library, built in the 18th century, in the reign of King João V, is preceded by a portal topped by the national shield. It contains about 250 thousand works.